Blog Post

Utah’s Fertility Rate is at Historic Low

By: Pamela S. Perlich, Ph.D.

Utah is well-known for its signature demographics, the most iconic of which is the highest total fertility rate in the nation. What is perhaps less well-recognized is that Utah’s fertility rate has fallen significantly since 1960, when it was 4.30 children per woman, to 2.33 in the most recent data for 2014. This is an historically low fertility rate for Utah, and only slightly exceeds the replacement level of 2.1.

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We can identify several key drivers of this change.

Utah has become increasingly interconnected with the outside world, principally through markets, technology, and migrations of people. Nationally (and internationally), people have been delaying household formation, marriage, and childbearing as well as having fewer children. In addition, labor force participation rates and educational attainment of women have increased. As Utah has become more integrated into the national and global economy, households and individuals have been impacted by the same forces and factors that have influenced national trends.